One of the most intriguing names for the modern archaeologist of Göbekli Tepe. The name of the place in Turkey where there are excavations of the ancient megalithic structures. Directs the work of the German archaeologist Klaus Schmidt.
The history of Göbekli Tepe, which is Turkish for “hill with a navel”, began in 1964, when the American team of archaeologists has arrived in this remote province of Southeast Turkey. They drew attention to several hills that looked strange and were covered with thousands of broken flints. This is a sure sign of an ancient man. However, the Americans refused to conduct excavations.
In 1994, a local shepherd noticed a group of huge rocks in weird shapes that were obviously cut by man. Learned Director of the regional Museum in the city of Sanliurfa, located 50 miles from gobekli Tepe. Soon the news reached the ears of experts from the German archaeological Institute in Istanbul. Schmidt came to Gobekli Tepe in 1994. and stayed there forever. Now the excavations of the ancient structure – his life’s work.
Strange looking stones appeared flat megaliths. Some have the shape of the letter “T ohrannogo with the surface color. Obviously, this is a dye of plant origin, Continue reading
According to the “Tale of bygone years”, Kiev was founded by the brothers Kyi, Schek and Khoriv. The names of the brothers remained in the names of its parts (Dakovica), in the chronicle Got its name. The record does not indicate the exact date of the founding of the city. Excavations have revealed that in its territory there were a few small Slavic settlements — predecessors of the future city.
The main core of Kiev VIII—X centuries was the settlement of Andrew’s grief. It was a small fortified castle with pagan temples in the form of a large, round, composed of rough stones of the altar. Around it were found
fragments of modelled pottery, and numerous bones of sacrificial animals. It is possible that in the center of the site of the temple was a wooden idol.
Ancient city wall, built around Andrew’s hill, was made of wood. During the reign of Vladimir it was rebuilt, and the city incorporated a number of neighboring St. Andrew’s hill areas. The excavations established that Yaroslav the Wise built a new city wall. City by area in Yaroslavl several times exceeded Kiev by Vladimir. The wall was built of oak log cabins adjacent to each other. Each individual frame consisted of a rectangle of size m. 19х6 ramparts of the city of Yaroslav Continue reading
Stone structures and celestial cycles
The ancients understood that the treatment of the Sun and moon has different cycles, so they built special structures made of stones to track them. Most likely, the first was the calculated annual solar period. Ancient people found that in the course of the year the Sun rises and sets at different points on the horizon line. This annual reciprocating motion lights to the North, then South, then North again on repeated endlessly over the centuries. The most Northern and southern points of sunrise and sunset are called the solstice. In Latin, the word solstice (“solstice”) means “sun stands still”, which is what happens twice a year, summer and winter. These days the Sun seems to have stayed the more important phases of the movement of the Sun were of the equinox. The equinox (Latin for “equinox” is “equal night”) is repeated twice a year, in the period when night and day are of equal length. These periods were also determined using a separately standing stones, watching the shadows that allowed them to track the annual path of lights across the sky. Equinox occurred halfway between the solstices. Thus, ancient people observed visually dividing the year into four almost equal time slices. As a result of the nation to observe Continue reading