The Gothic structure
Baroque, Rococo, techno, Gothic and many other styles represented on the streets of Polish cities. Time, wars, human envy has not spared the architectural masterpieces of Warsaw (Warszawa), Gdynia (Gdynia), Malbork (Malbork) and many other less famous fortresses. Especially cruel to the architectural masterpieces was the Second World war. Technologies of destruction have multiplied and the Nazis were not slow to use them in the mercenary purposes: all that it was impossible to carry with him – mercilessly exploded. And only unparalleled courage and divine Providence can explain the rescuing of Krakow (Krakow).
Unprecedented scale has reached the restoration work. Over the years, literally brick by brick restored Royal castle (Zamek Krolewski w Warszawie), Royal łazienki (Lazenkovsky Palace) the Palace, Ujazdowski castle (Zamek Ujazdowski), the castle complex (Zamek Krolewski w Leczycy). Absolutely can not believe that the historic centre of Warsaw built-up buildings not older than 50 years. Now it’s not only the monuments of culture is testimony to the great love of the poles of their heritage.
First, extant, objects belong to the Romanesque style. Harsh churches, high trehspalnye the aisle, no decorations. An example is the Cistercian Cathedral in Oliva, located in close proximity of Gdansk (Gdansk) in the 13th century.
In contrast to the minimalist forms of the early middle ages, architects century 21 built a fun “Dancing house” (Krzywy Dom). Worth a stroll in Sopot (Sopot), where the heroes of Monte Cassino street (Bohaterow Monte Cassino 53) this is a fun, though unusual eye structure. I think of the nursery rhymes about the man – crooked legs, living in a crooked house.
The most gloomy . the most overwhelming architectural work of human hands became a secret object “Gerlos” (Gireloz) or “Wolf’s lair” (Wolfschanze Die). Indeed, the Eclipse of reason was going to happen to voluntarily imprisoned ourselves under the ground, surrounded by barbed wire and minefields. With a wild, sad look of concrete blocks surrounded by forests. It is noteworthy that the location of the bunker was not known neither the Soviet forces nor allies, nor the local population.
Typical Gothic structure is the castle in Olsztyn (Olsztyn). And how he’s not perfect, we have to admit that this is characteristic of Poland building. From the rest 40 thousand monuments of this style, the castle of the Warmia Chapter is different in that it was driven by the Nicolaus Copernicus. To become better acquainted with the great scientist, have to visit Torun (Torun), where many of the houses remember him. Survived even the ancestral home of Copernico. Of considerable interest are the medieval buildings Zabytki Torunia and the famous “crooked Tower”.
Polish Baroque presents a luxurious Palace complex in Wilanów (Wilan?w). Along with the splendor of the stone its a masterpiece of landscape architecture. Country residence of the Polish kings simply must be admired by everyone. The complex itself is a Cour d’honneur (FR. cour d’honneur), or the courtyard of honour. Every monarch, without feeling sorry for forces and means, decorated and improved the Palace buildings.
Lovers of art Nouveau welcome to łódź (Lodz). So the quaint architecture of this ancient city is obligated to numerous manufacturers. The environment has an impact. Here and Industrialists of the last century have left their mark on the city map. The hallmark of the city became Piotrkowska street (Piotrkowskiej), Volchanskaya (Vulchanskaya), Gdansk (Gdanskауа). Offices, banks, hotels, restaurants succeed each other with surprising regularity. The modern contribution to world architecture became the people’s hall (Hala Stulecia, Hala Ludowa) is a visually-sports hall, located in Manickam Park in Wroclaw (Wroclawia). Such a stunning example of modernism of the early 20th century included in the list of world heritage sites by UNESCO.
Not very young – 17th century – a huge wooden sacral buildings the Church of Peace (Kosciol Pokoju). Each of them can accommodate a thousand worshippers at a time. Jawor (Jawor) and świdnica (Swidnica) preserved places of worship of Protestants in Catholic lands. Wood was the primary building material at the request of the authorities haves. Apparently the rulers hoped that the fragile construction of the “heretics” will free them from annoying of Protestantism. But fate decided otherwise, political and religious strife in the past, but the architectural masterpieces have been delighting tourists and inspire the faithful to this day.