House for Ganaraska descent
House for Ganaraska descent
Once peaked roof of this house overlooking the sea with one-storey houses of the Village, immediately caught the eye. Now overgrown crowns of acacia trees almost hide it, if you look, standing at the cliff-side Shopping street.
House for Ganaraska descent, the 19th century…
Well, we come to the conspicuous building closer. The walls, built of red brick, a stylized drawing of the masonry, the narrow window of the “antique”, the extension in the form of a tower of a medieval castle.
Sometimes you can hear that here was the Church. No, this house was originally designed for housing.
What is remarkable is this structure, in addition to a kind of architecture? Yes, the fact that at the turn of XIX and XX centuries here lived and treated people of Mariupol doctor Sergey Fedorovich hamper. His contemporary fellow doctor of the 1st city hospital Taras Fedorovich Kryvorotko spent a lot of time to restore the details of a wonderful biography of Mariupol. Now, thanks to Taras Fedorovych we know that Sergey Fedorovich was born in 1859 in our city in the family physician, who held the position of forensic medical expert, then there was the doctor and the teacher of Mariupol gymnasium and, of course, “used”, as they say in the old days, his fellow citizens from illnesses.
Sergey Gamper received secondary and higher education in Kharkov: after graduating from high school he entered mecinski faculty of the Kharkov University. After completing his studies in the University, but after two years with the diploma of a doctor came to his homeland in Mariupol and took the position of his father.
After a short period of time a young doctor is sent to St. Petersburg for the therapy Department of the Military medical Academy. There for two years doing most the research work, which became the basis of his doctoral thesis.
In Public library named after Saltykov-Shchedrin in St. Petersburg is still preserved one of five hundred copies of the thesis our countryman. By the way, note that among his official opponents at protection of dissertations was the future of the great physiologist, Nobel laureate and academician Ivan Petrovich Pavlov, while he was just a Professor.
The work of S. F. Gamper was called “On the administration of the stomach under the influence of sulphate of strychnine.” During its execution the author has used three hundred fifty-six scientific sources. Among the many findings of the thesis two relate to the health of schoolchildren. And not surprisingly, Sergey Fedorovich prior to departure to St. Petersburg was a doctor men’s gymnasium.
Having received the diploma of doctor of medicine, he could stay in the capital and to hold a professorship, but, apparently, believing that in his hometown of great benefit, returned to Mariupol; here Dr. Gamper worked for two decade, until his death, which occurred in early 1911. To this sad point, he was the chief physician of Mariupol uyezd Zemstvo hospital.
During its relatively short life S. F. Gamper has done a lot for the city and County and as a highly educated physician, and as a public figure. He was among those who laid the foundations of Zemstvo medicine in our region, perhaps, was the first to use brine — a concentrated solution of sea salt in the water and dirt from the Azov coast to treat disorders of the musculoskeletal system of people, i.e. was the founder of balneology in our city. He was acting as a vowel city Duma (in our concept –the Deputy of the city Council), was a Trustee of Gogol’s primary school on the outskirts of town. The building of this school have been preserved until now. Rare for our places wooden structure stands on the street Zemsky across the road from the house of Gamper. It immediately catches the eye.
Dr. Gamper enjoyed great popularity among residents and among colleagues-doctors, and among the figures of the provincial administration. So the descent that led from the old Bazaar to his house, called Doctoral or Gembarowski, not “Hamburg”, as sometimes you can hear.
During the great Patriotic war archives survey office Mariupol are gone, now hard to restore the documents, to whom and in what periods belonged to the building, which is in question here.
A. D. Protsenko in one of his books claims that the house in pre-revolutionary years was in the possession of the merchant of Nadirovich. Had a chance to hear the name of another owner — Isaiah Matetskiy. Is this true? At least in extant probate Matetskiy house on the rural street is not mentioned. Belonged to the house of the Gamper or it has been rented? Also a question.
Fortunately, Dmitri Ivanovich Zhilin kept in his memory old stories about a remarkable building, which it occupies for many years one of the apartments. Curious tenant, in addition, climbed the house of Gamper from cellar to garret, studied, listened to the details.
History Gasparovicova home in Zilina as follows. Originally it was a two-story building with plan dimensions eight by eight meters. Later on it was built the third floor, completed part of the outbuilding with a large room inside. This room is where Dr. Gamper took patients. Later, in the eighties of the last century, built an extension with a peaked roof, which is why some ignorant people believe the house of Gamper religious building.
Now with him side by side a number of unattractive and dilapidated barns of the Lodge, and before that to the “Gothic” structure was adjoined by a large yard with garden, enclosed by an impressive fence. Inside the courtyard it was possible to enter only through the gates past the Lodge, where day and night were on duty doorman. The first thing that struck visitors was the pool, in which swam swans. Track, sprinkled with fresh sand, led to the front door…
During the NEP time the house was rented by some enterprising inhabitant of Mariupol, trying to establish the manufacture of sausages. You can believe it, because still in a basement room preserved the hooks for hanging beef and pork carcasses.
As the former owners during the revolution emigrated abroad, the house became community property. Its premises were occupied by several families. During the occupation of Mariupol as if the Nazis came the son of Dr. Gamper. Residents alarmed, I thought, I will be evicted and punished. But the heir no decisive action was taken, only asked to take care of the house until better times. His arrival was explained by the desire to worship the ancestral nest…
After three or four years after the war, the once imposing and quite convenient for living the building was reconstructed. The spacious rooms were divided by long partitions into a tiny little apartment. In some places the Windows were bricked, and in others broke new openings. This “radical transformation” helped to instill in addition to the already lived several families. There were times when in the red brick building on Camerowska the descent lived up to forty responsible tenants with children and household, four of them occupied a little room in the attic. How many of these stories of truth and how much fiction, it is difficult to judge now…
Not to say that the present inhabitants are so beloved by artists and broadcasters architectural object glad of this opportunity to “remove” here the living area. Yes it is understandable. Traces of the destruction and neglect visible everywhere. No basic amenities. Apparently, the legal owners have little interest in the condition of the house Dr. Gamper.
Heard that there was a suggestion of a certain religious denomination at its expense to relocate those living in cramped and uncomfortable conditions of people in more decent housing, and the resulting building after bringing him in more or less original form to have a prayer house. Say, refused.
Requested and artists to open their studios. But the petition, as they say, is left without satisfaction. Is this true? Who knows? And we still want to believe that there are people who will fill “white spots” in the history of the house of Gamper, and such, which will save it from destruction, turning into the jewel of our city.