The history of Ancient civilizations
Archaeologists have discovered in Turkey the gates of hell
Ancient temple found in the vicinity of the Turkish town of Pamukkale, it may be referred to in the myths of Ancient Greece entrance to the underworld. This convinced the members conducted the excavations of the Italian archaeological expedition led by Professor Francesco d ‘ Andria. As noted in the publication Discovery, the finding corresponds to the ancient descriptions of the gates of the underworld. Ancient historians also claimed that “the gates of Pluto” is located near the Phrygian city of Hierapolis in southwestern Asia Minor – exactly where is Pamukkale. “This space is filled with fog so dense that you cannot see the ground. Any creature inside dies instantly. I threw in sparrows, they had breathed her last and fell down dead”, was witnessed by the ancient Greek historian Strabo, who died in 24 BC.
Hierapolis was founded in the beginning of the second century BC the king of Pergamon-Evmina Second. “The gates of Pluto” turned it into one of the centers of ancient tourism. From all over the world came to town people who wanted to participate in the ceremonies. Pilgrims bathed in located near the temple of the sacred pool, and appealed to the priests for prophecy. According to tradition, under the influence of the fumes of the prophets fell into the sacred ecstasy, reminiscent of the behavior of the Delphic Pythia. However, the process of sacrifice were allowed only the priests. Curious had from a safe distance to watch in the poisonous fog to start the birds and lead sacrificial bulls. To enter the gates without harm could only eunuchs, the ancient servants of the goddess of fertility Cybele.
In the Christian era, the sanctuary of Pluto lost its importance, and later the building was destroyed by earthquakes. Archaeologists have discovered the ruins of the temple, the remains of the basin and leading to the sanctuary of ancient stairs. According to experts, to find “the gates of Pluto,” they helped ancient sources. D Andria said that in the course of excavation the archaeologists could verify deadly force in the sanctuary – they have always met dead birds. “It’s an amazing discovery confirms the information that was previously known only from written sources,” – said Professor of the University of Palermo Alister Filippini.