The Gothic quarter in Barcelona
Gothic quarter – the oldest part of Barcelona
The Gothic quarter is the true area of the Medieval and historical centre of Barcelona. Basic style perfectly coexists with the inclusions of styles of the Renaissance, and neoclassical buildings of the Romans, which have survived in a rather poor condition. Here is the Barcelona Cathedral, which this beautiful area is sometimes called “Cathedral”. At the beginning of the XX century, the quarter became known as “Gothic”, and in 20 years the name was officially secured.
The Gothic quarter begins with the main market square of the medieval Barcelona called Plaza Nova. The square appeared in the XIV century. Then the entire center was surrounded by a Roman wall, part of which were known turret, which can be seen today in Plaza Nova. Here is preserved part of a Roman aqueduct, in front of which is a visual “poem” of Catalan artist Joan Brossa that formed the name of the city in the era of the Romans — “Barcino”.
Plaza Nova is still a few sights of the Gothic quarter. One of them is the Palace of the Bishops of Barcelona . Despite the fact that he was facing the square a Baroque facade, the building doesn’t refer to the Baroque era. Built on the foundations laid by the ancient Romans, the Palace differs from the structures built in the twentieth century, the College of Architects, and the frieze of the facade of the Palace Bishops fulfilled Pablo Picasso in the style characteristic of a great artist.
The following famous building of the Gothic quarter, Casa del Ardiaca (Casa de l Ardiaca), or the house of the archdeacon Lewis Deeply. One of the Roman towers and wall were part of the house, and it stands on Roman foundations. Casa del Ardiaca presumably built at the beginning of the last Millennium. During its existence it has undergone many reconstructions, resulting in it has many elements of Gothic and Renaissance. In the XVI century there was built a wonderful patio in the center of which a fountain. The patio is a more severe Renaissance style. The main facade is decorated with modernist Inbox with a picture of a turtle, symbolizing the different procedures and delays of bureaucracy, and the swallows — the independence of the judiciary. Now Casa del Ardiaca belongs to the municipal archive of Barcelona.
Clicking on one of the main streets of Carrer del Bisbe (Carrer del Bisbe), with the Plaza Nova you can get to another important area of the Gothic quarter, Plaza de San Jaume. On this area since ancient times is concentrated the political life of the city. In Roman times there were forums. In 1823, the area underwent major renovations. Shopping street Carrer Ferran (Carrer Ferran)was created at the same time. Next to the Plaza de San Jaume, you can see remnants of the temple of Augustus.
In Plaza de San Jaume, opposite each other are the administrative buildings of the government of Catalonia and the city hall. Over Carrer del Bisbe passes the beautiful bridge, designed in the Gothic revival style, which connects the Palace of the government and the House of Canons. The bridge was built in 1926, the author was Joan Rubió. The house of the canons is another beautiful medieval building of the Gothic quarter, one fronting on the quiet street of Carrer paradís (Carrer Paradis). The street is notable for the fact that at the end of two millennia on the pedestal there are four Corinthian columns. These Roman columns belonged to the temple of Augustus . The temple towered over the Barcelona of that time, being on a small hill Mont Taber. The columns are in a small medieval courtyard. Assume that the construction of the temple of Augustus, refers to the I century BC
A little closer to the via Laetana (Via Laietana) there is a whole ensemble of medieval architecture Plaza del Rey (Plaça del Rei). Here is the Grand Palace . This Palace served as the residence of the counts of Barcelona from the thirteenth to the fifteenth century. The history of the Palace dates back to the XI century. Therefore, in the architecture of the Palace presents exclusively Gothic and Romanesque styles with the heritage architecture of the Visigoths. The Palace is the throne room of stunning proportions. The architectural ensemble of the Palace includes a chapel of St. Agatha, which stands on the ruins of one of the walls of ancient Rome and refers to the XIV century, it is well-known altar-piece, of a Constable, which is considered a masterpiece of Gothic art. In this ensemble includes the high watchtower of king martí 1555.
At Plaza del Rei in the Gothic quarter is another Palace Palau del Lloctinent (Palau del Lloctinent), or the Governor’s Palace. In the nineteenth century, is a stunning Renaissance Palace was restored. Today the building houses the archive of the Aragonese Royal dynasty. Completes the entire amazing medieval complex of the Plaza del Rey Casa building Clariana-Padellas (Casa Clariana-Padellàs). In this building there is the Museum of history of Barcelona. The uniqueness of the Museum lies in the opportunity to see the remains of buildings of the ancient city directly under the square. In addition the Museum is part of the Foundation of the temple, which stood on the site during the Visigothic rule.