The oldest city in the world
The oldest city in the world – Damascus, Syria
Damascus is a city with centuries of history, one of the oldest cities in the world and capital of Syria. The mention of it goes back to THIRTEENTH century BC during the reign of Egyptian Pharaoh Ramses II. Many peoples then conquered Damascus and only in 85 BC, it was annexed to the Roman Empire. The old city of Damascus doantichnoy] unique layout, preserved from those times, structures that are located on its territory several tens of the most interesting architectural and historical buildings. At the time, Damascus was famous for its steel production, textiles and glass. Only in 1920, Syria gained independence, and Damascus became its legitimate capital.
The main attraction of the city is the Umayyad mosque built in 715 by Caliph al-Walid and is considered today one of the most revered mosques in the Muslim world. In a separate premise at a mosque are stored Hussein’s head and hair from the beard of prophet Muhammad. The Umayyad mosque is laid out in a unique composition of mosaics of gold smalt.
Damascus falls in the list of UNESCO as a city of world cultural heritage. There are ancient medieval madrasas and markets, Bab Kisan tower, underground Church of St. Hananiah, one of the finest examples of late Islamic architecture is the Palace of Qasr al – Azem, a former medical Academy and hospital Bimaristan, and in this the medical Museum with many rare exhibits are presented, as well as the tomb of the XII century, where the ashes of the legendary Sultan Salah al – DIN (Saladin), who began the expulsion of the crusaders from the Arab East.
Interacting with the locals, you should avoid harsh language and raising the tone, here it is considered a sign of bad taste. To start a conversation is certainly worth with a few questions about health and family, and to complete the good wishes.
Watching the fellowship of some citizens, you’d think they hadn’t seen each other for many years, so sincere and emotional it can be to communicate with kind of friends who see each other every day. The historical area of Damascus is one of the most important sites in the world. This area of the city surrounded by a powerful fortification wall, which was erected in the reign of the Roman Empire. After hundreds of years the planning area has remained almost the same, here are preserved many unique buildings and ruins of the ancient structures. Enjoy the unique historic monuments while walking on the street via PECTA, which is considered the center of the historic quarter.
Important excursion object, which is a must see for all travelers, is the Umayyad mosque. Within its walls is stored the most valuable religious artefact – the head of St. John the Baptist, every year to venerate the Shrine are hundreds of thousands of pilgrims. No less remarkable religious object is the mausoleum of Salah al-DIN, which was named after the great Sultan, and in which his ashes rest. About the great deeds of the ruler of the locals remember, and today, with the name Salah-ad-DIN relates many beautiful stories and legends.
Among the most beautiful architectural structures should be allocated to the Palace of Qasr al-Azem, which for many years remained the residence of the Turkish Wali. Among other religious monuments, which are located within the historic district, most notable the Church of the virgin, the Church. Ananias and mosque of Takiya al-Sulaymaniyah. Interesting sightseeing object is the cemetery of Bab al-Sagheer, where are buried many of the legendary personalities.
Important natural attraction is the cave Magarat-ad-Damm. This place is also associated many mysterious legends, it is believed that in this cave Cain killed Abel. In Damascus there is a huge number of museums, each of which represents a unique collection of ancient artifacts and art objects. Very interesting national Museum, the collection of which make up archaeological finds. The age of some exhibits more than one thousand years, during the tour visitors can see the historic murals illustrating old Testament stories, ancient art objects, collections of weapons and ritual objects. Continue to admire the medieval swords and armor in the Military Museum whose collection is considered one of the richest in the world. Products made of legendary Damascus steel is presented here in full variety. In a historic medical Academy today houses the Museum of the history of medicine. Despite the strict name, it includes a very interesting collection of exhibits illustrating the development of medicine and the most important discoveries since the middle ages to the present day.
Residents of Damascus are very hospitable and such thing as a “uninvited guest” here simply does not exist. To visit it is permissible to come without an invitation, and a formal invitation is required only unfamiliar people. Very important for the local residents and traditions, which are manifested in almost all spheres of life. Just watch the procedure of making coffee and other national dishes, go on a family holiday or national celebration, to understand how important it is for indigenous traditions. The most important family holidays are the wedding and the birth of children, znamenatelnih these events are always celebrated on a Grand scale, and invite hundreds of guests. Despite the love for the holidays and various celebrations, the indigenous people are very reticent with regard to alcohol. Many not drink alcohol due to religious beliefs, and others may take months to observe a strict fast and significant time devoted to self-improvement. Foreign tourists are also recommended with respect to existing rules and traditions, so as not to disrupt the prevailing order in the town and to find a common language with the local population.