Wroclaw is the historical capital of Silesia, one of the largest ancient cities in Poland. Wroclaw is situated on both banks of the middle reaches of the Oder, on the Silesian lowland. Wroclaw is a city of five rivers: the Oder and its four tributaries. Before the Second world war the city had 303 bridges, today there are only around 220.
Wroclaw is the capital Sizeselector Voivodeship and the Wroclaw center of the County, which includes nine municipalities. The city consists of five boroughs.
The legend says that Wroclaw was founded by Czech Prince Vratislav, and the city name is a shortened form of his name. About 990 the city with the rest of Silesia came into the possession of the Piast dynasty. In the year 1000, the Holy Roman Emperor Otto the Third and the Polish Prince Boleslav the Brave was established in the town a Roman Catholic bishopric. Shortly thereafter, in Wroclaw was built the first Catholic Cathedral. Despite the fact that the city was founded much earlier, this date is officially considered the beginning of its history. In the two thousandth year marked the celebration of the Millennium of Wroclaw.
Wroclaw is often called the “flower of Europe”, the “pearl of cities”, “city of bridges”. During its long history the city belonged to the poles, the Czechs, the Austrians, the the Hungarians and the Germans. This fact explains the mixture of architectural styles of the city, giving it a unique appearance.
The city centre is Market square, founded in the thirteenth century. Town hall, built in the Gothic style, now accommodates the historical Museum of Wroclaw. Another attraction is the building of the Wroclaw University, which is the largest building in the Baroque style in the city.
The old part of Wroclaw is located on the ostrów Tumski island. There is a complex of Church buildings is the Gothic Cathedral of St. John the Baptist (with a viewing terrace on the tower). Deserves special attention “Raclawicka panorama” is a monumental painting ( 120х15 M.). There is the old Church of St. Ezego, which refers to the first half of the 12th century. Do not leave without attention and the world’s first art Nouveau building of reinforced concrete “Hala Nation”. The city authorities seek the inclusion of this object in the list of UNESCO world heritage sites.
Wroclaw is located away from transit routes, and, unfortunately, overlooked by tourists. But this has its advantages: no one will stop to admire the beauty of this cozy town with great, unique atmosphere.