Stone structures and celestial cycles
The ancients understood that the treatment of the Sun and moon has different cycles, so they built special structures made of stones to track them. Most likely, the first was the calculated annual solar period. Ancient people found that in the course of the year the Sun rises and sets at different points on the horizon line. This annual reciprocating motion lights to the North, then South, then North again on repeated endlessly over the centuries. The most Northern and southern points of sunrise and sunset are called the solstice. In Latin, the word solstice (“solstice”) means “sun stands still”, which is what happens twice a year, summer and winter. These days the Sun seems to have stayed the more important phases of the movement of the Sun were of the equinox. The equinox (Latin for “equinox” is “equal night”) is repeated twice a year, in the period when night and day are of equal length. These periods were also determined using a separately standing stones, watching the shadows that allowed them to track the annual path of lights across the sky. Equinox occurred halfway between the solstices. Thus, ancient people observed visually dividing the year into four almost equal time slices. As a result of the nation to observe for the Sun, Moon, stars and planets. Around the world in many ancient cultures there was a great number of monuments, which functioned as an astronomical Observatory and religious centres at the same time. Many examples of this can be found in different cultures of Europe, Asia, Africa and America. The oldest and most sophisticated from a mathematical point of view, are the megalithic cultures of Europe that existed in the period 4000 to 1500 BCE over a vast area from Scandinavia to the Iberian Peninsula found several facilities that have astronomical and ceremonial purposes. This single stones – menhirs, the structure of a few stones – dolmens, huge earthen mounds decorated with stone paths, hidden cameras and amazingly beautiful stone rings – stone circles, among which the most famous Stonehenge and Avebury.
In the British Isles found more than nine hundred stone rings, and scientists estimate that in ancient times, there were almost two times more. Research conducted over the past thirty years, using the data of ancient astronomy, mythology and geophysical energy monitoring, has shown that the stone rings functioned as both devices for astronomical observations and ceremonial centers. Recent scientific recognition of megalithic cromlechs of the ancient status of the astronomical Observatory became a merit of Alexander Thom, a Professor at Oxford University. 1934 Tom began carefully to study the megalithic monuments. By 1954, he investigated more than six hundred megaliths in Britain and France and began to publish their discoveries. Initially, the scientific community did not take his statements seriously. Professor Tom was not an archaeologist, and engineer, and the archaeological society is not welcomed, as they considered heretical views of untrained outsider.
Megalithic stones Stenness, Scotland
However, evidence Volume, it was difficult to ignore. Striking in its size and high precision, they have been astronomical, mathematical knowledge and engineering skills of the builders of ancient megalithic cultures. And in fact, these abilities were so well developed that was superior to the subsequent monuments of all European cultures for over four thousand years! The Volume of the book “Megalithic sites in Britain” (1967) and “Megalithic lunar observations” (1971) proved the knowledge of the ancient astronomers that the annual cycle on a quarter of a day longer than the standard calendar year of 365 days. They also knew about the existence of the equinoxes and different lunar cycles that allowed them to accurately predict eclipses. Moreover, these ancient builders were capable engineers and architects with high level of knowledge of geometry for two thousand years before Euclid created the Pythagorean theorem, and more than three thousand years before the opening of the Egyptian and Indian mathematicians in the number of L. These ancient architects surveyed the construction site with the same accuracy as it would have been done today with the help of theodolite. In addition, they have introduced a common unit of measurement – the megalithic yard, equal to 83 cm they are used in the construction of buildings from Northern Scotland to Spain, and the error was only 0.9 mm.
In simple terms, many of these megalithic stone structures are located in locations with measurable geophysical anomalies (so-called earth energies), such as points of localized magnetism, geothermal activity, location specific minerals and outputs to the groundwater surface. Although in themselves these forces there is nothing supernatural, it is extremely amazing how ancient people were able with such precision to detect the places where this energy is present. For reasons still not completely understood, these energies seem to change the intensity of the radiation in accordance with the cyclic influences of different celestial bodies.
The architectural form of megalithic structures was designed to identify these special periods of increased energy activity places, and then to use this information for healing, spiritual practices and receive prophetic visions.
The tradition of pilgrimages in the era of megaliths was that people travelled long distances to visit places that are famous for their peculiar power. In the absence of written sources relating to the stone age, many scientists believe that we will never be able to learn how it is used different places of power. But this is a limited view, based on mechanistic rationality of modern science. Analysis of the mythology reveals that the legends and myths of sacred places provide us with clear information regarding their magical powers.